The Carson Family

From Washington County, Virginia 
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James Holman (Holdman, Holeman)
Born: about 1814 in Madison County, Kentucky
Died: about 1886 in Crab Orchard, Lincoln County, Kentucky

James Holman (Holdman, Holeman) was born about 1814 in Madison County, Kentucky. He lived in the area of Brodhead and Crab Orchard, Kentucky, which are on the border of three Kentucky counties: Lincoln, Garrard, and Rockcastle.

On June 4, 1835 in Garrard County, Kentucky, James Holman was married to Martha Ramsey, the daughter of Alexander Ramsey, by Baptist minister Benjamin Polston






The results of the DNA tests show that the descendant of James Holeman, b. 1814 is:

"very tightly related" to the descendant of the Daniel Holman who was born about 1787 in North Carolina, had children in Tennessee, and homesteaded in Douglas, Missouri;

"very tightly related" to the descendant of the Kenneth Holeman who died in 1871 in Upperfreehold, Monmouth Co., New Jersey who is thought to be a descendant of Robert Holeman, died 1709 in New Jersey;

"related" to a descendant of the Elias Holeman (1759 - 1827, Burlington County, New Jersey); and

"related" to the descendants of Thomas Holeman, born about 1723, who moved from the Shenandoah Valley to North Carolina in 1752.






Prior to 1716, when Governor Spotswood lead a party to the top of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the mountains were treated as the western boundary of the Colony of Virginia. When the area west of the Blue Ridge, the Shenandoah Valley, opened up for settlement, it was primarily populated by persons from Pennsylvania and Maryland, not by persons from "old" Virginia. In addition to the new settlers in the valley, the valley became the passageway for persons moving south into North Carolina. As the population in the valley grew, from north to south, the need for more government was recognized. The early governments were organized around the need for protection against native Americans.

The region west of the Blue Ridge mountains was a part of the Virginia county of Orange. In 1738, the Virginia General Assembly passed an act establishing the counties of Frederick (in the north end of the valley) and Augusta (in the south). Frederick County was created August 1, 1738 from Orange County. The southern portion of Frederick county was taken in 1772 to form Dunmore County (later called Shenandoah County). It was originally named Dunmore County for Virginia Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Dunmore was forced from office during the American Revolution. During the war, in 1778, rebels renamed the county as Shenandoah. The act provided that the two new counties should remain part of the county of Orange until there was "a sufficient number of inhabitants for appointing justices of the peace and other officers, and erecting courts therein."

In 1732, Jost Hite, with a number of other Germans, settled in the area near Winchester; and in the same year John Lewis, with a number of other Scotch-Irish, located near where Staunton now stands. By 1738, a large number of persons, Germans, Scotch-Irish, and others, had located in and about the present limits of Rockingham. The majority of these settlers had come up the Valley from Maryland and Pennsylvania, but a few had come across the Blue Ridge Mountains from eastern Virginia. (A history of Rockingham County, Virginia by John Walter Wayland)

The Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society web site discusses the land dispute between Jost Hite and Lord Fairfax.
* In summary, Jost Hite first obtained the land in the Valley of Virginia by assignment of 40,000 acres from John and Isaac VanMeter on August 5, 1731. The VanMeters had previously secured their conditional grants by orders of the governor and council, dated June 17, 1730. The John VanMeter grant included 30,000 acres in all, located in the valley, enjoining the settlement of ten families. Broadly interpreted, the territory was a vast tract of uncharted wilderness--exceeding 40,000 acres--and did not require Hite to locate his surveys in a single-wide enclosure. He was allowed to scatter his settlement across the best and most favorably located tracts, leaving large waste areas un-granted. This settlement policy was usual, as such had prevailed previously.
* Lord Fairfax, however, considered it a "conspicuous trespass upon his proprietary rights," and the permissive policy of the colonial authorities provided him with grounds for accusing Jost Hite of "gerrymandering" his claim into a "shoestring," frustrating the future growth of the Valley settlements and making himself (Hite) and partners rich at the expense of others.
* On the first judgment, Fairfax won the suit, but Hite appealed, and the trial went in his favor in June 1784.

[Note: In 1748 a young George Washington passed through Shenandoah County and Rockingham County on a survey of the Lord Fairfax grant.]

Daniel Holman of Kent County, Maryland, did not have sufficient influence to secure a large land grant from the Governor of Virginia. However, he had sufficient economic resources (money and slaves) to secured land on Holman Creek in Shenandoah County from Jost Hite, to clear the land and plant crops, and to build a fort.





In my attempt to learn more about Old Daniel Holman of the Shenandoah Valley, I looked at the following Virginia Counties:

Shenandoah County

* Confusion about the location the Fairfax Line which was to be the dividing line between Frederick and Augusta counties. In 1738, the legislature clarified the location of the dividing line, but it was not actually surveyed until some time later. Residents and government officials were unsure of which county they were in - Frederick or Augusta. The surveyed straight line became the border between Shenandoah and Rockingham counties.

* The southern part of Frederick County became Shenandoah County

* Daniel Holeman's land in Shenandoah County was at Quicksburg, near the mouth of Holmans Creek. Jacob Holeman's land was next door going west upstream. Thomas Holeman's land was further west upstream, south of Forestville, near the border with Rockingham County.

* "In 1748, as the Augusta County records show, Daniel Holman and Peter Gartner became guardians for Julia, George, and Elsie Brock, orphans of Rudolph Brock, deceased." 

* Lyman Chalkley's three-volume Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County, 1745-1800 (Rosslyn, Va., 1912-1913; reprint, 1965) Vol 3, Page 320, Deed Book No. 6 Page 19.--16th March, 1750. 
"Robert Stapleton and Catherine to Charles Stapleton, 200 acres, part of tract granted to Thos. Holdman by Fairfax 3d February, 1749, and by Holdman to Stapleton. Cor. George Brock and Peter Gartner, Ruddle's line. Robert (his mark) Stapleton. Catherine (her mark) Stapleton."]


Rockingham County

* In 1730, Jacob Stover, a native of Switzerland, was granted leave by the colonial council to take up 10,000 acres of land on the south fork of the Shenandoah.

* In 1777, a large part of Augusta County, Virginia was cut off and became Rockingham County. 

* Rockingham County is located in the valley south of Shenandoah County. The southwestern part of Shenandoah county is called "The Forest." The adjoining land in Rockingham County is called "The Plains." ["When the white explorer came the Rockbridge area, like the Valley of Virginia in general, was largely occupied by tracts of prairie. These were known as Indian meadows, or as savannas, the word prairie having not yet come into the English language. These meadows were fired at the close of each hunting season so as to keep back the forest growth and thus attract the buffalo and other large game. This practice had undoubtedly been going on for centuries." ("A history of Rockbridge County, Virginia" by Oren F Morton)]

* Some notable residents of Rockingham County:

** Some time prior to the Revolution, John Lincoln came from Pennsylvania and bought land on Linville Creek, a tributary of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River, in Rockingham County. John Lincoln had five sons, Abraham, John, Jacob, Thomas, and Isaac. Abraham, with his son Thomas, aged about 4, went in 1781 or 1782 to Kentucky. Abraham Lincoln, later President, was born in Kentucky Feb. 12, 1809, when Thomas was about 31.

** The family of Daniel Boone lived here for a few years while working their way from Pennsylvania to North Carolina. (In 1735, Jacob Stover sold two tracts of land to George Boone, from Oley, Pennsylvania, the said tracts containing 500 and 1000 acres respectively, and being situated "near the end of North Mountain" on a small branch of Sherando River.)

** John Sevier was born Sept. 23, 1745 in Rockingham County, Virginia. In 1773 he relocated from the Valley to what is now East Tennessee. In 1777, he was a member of the North Carolina legislature. He later became Governor of the State of Franklin; six times Governor of Tennessee; and a member of the US Congress. 

* According to "The ancestry of Grafton Johnson" about 1745, Isaac Johnson, born about 1722, established a plantation at the head of Holman Creek (north fork of Shenandoah River) in the part of Augusta County that became Rockingham County. His son, Isaac Johnson (1745-1814), was born in Rockingham County, Virginia; and relocated to North Carolina about 1765 where he met and married Elizabeth Holman (about 1751-1840), oldest daughter of Isaac Holman (died 1808). Isaac and Elizabeth (Holman) Johnson relocated to Rockingham County, Virginia around 1768; and returned in 1783 to the part of Rowan County that became Davie County, North Carolina. In this second trip, they received a land grant of 300 acres, located about eight miles east of Isaac Holman settlement.

[Note: In 1663, Charles the Second of England, gave to loyal friends who assisted him in recovering his throne, land in western North Carolina. In 1753, Rowan County was cut off from Anson County, North Carolina. 1754 report: population of Rowan county is 1416 whites and 54 blacks; County seat Salisbury. Twenty-two miles north of Salisbury was the Isaac Holman settlement in a valley between the two forks of the Yadkin River. In 1836, part of Rowan County became Davie County.]

* From the marriage records in the Rockingham County Clerk's office: Wm. Holeman     Agness Shepherd     April 14, 1780 

[Questions: Who is this? Is he the same man as the William Holman living in the "Forks of the James" in Rockbridge County, Virginia?]







Notes from
A history of Rockbridge County, Virginia
by Oren F Morton

[Note: What remains of Augusta County, Virginia is located below Rockingham County. Rockbridge County is below Augusta County.]

* Persons with aristocratic birth or connections were able to secure large land grants in the new world. The governor, with the concurrence of the Council, could grant a huge block of land to an individual, or a group of men acting as a company. The owner of the grant could then sell land to settlers in order to meet the commitment to populate the tract within a stated time a minimum number of families on the tract.

* Those without such connections, provided he was of age and could prove he had paid the cost of his passage from Europe, could claim a "head-right," entitling him to fifty acres of public land. He was further entitled to fifty acres for each male member of his household. He was required to settle on the land, to improve at least six per cent of the acreage, and to pay each year a quit rent of one shilling for each fifty acres. On taking up a head-right, he paid a fee of five shillings.

* The McDowell family, in 1729, traveled from Ulster to Philadelphia. In 1737, they were with a group that planned to settle on the South River in the Shenandoah Valley (called "New Virginia"). A relative of the McDowells, John Lewis, had founded in 1732 the nucleus of the Augusta settlement, and by this time several hundred of the Ulster people had located around him. A man named Benjamin Borden acquired a grant for 100,000 acres on the waters of the James, but he could not locate the boundaries. John McDowell, in exchange for 1,000 acres, agreed to locate and survey "The Borden Tract."

* The patent to Borden was not issued until November 6, 1739. It is based on the representation that a family had been located for every 1,000 acres of the grant. 

* 1753: Smallpox epidemic in Rockbridge County, Virginia

* The French and Indian war broke out in 1754, and continued, so far as the Indians were concerned, until 1760. Writing in 1756, the Reverend James Maury makes this observation: "Such numbers of people have lately transported themselves into the more Southerly governments as must appear incredible to any except such as have had an opportunity of knowing it. By Bedford courthouse in one week, 'tis said, and I believe, truly said, near 300 inhabitants of this Colony past on their way to Carolina. From all the upper counties, even those on this side of the Blue Hills, great numbers are daily following."

* EARLY PATENTS OUTSIDE BORDEN TRACT: The following list of patents on the waters of the upper James between the Blue Ridge and the North Mountain. "Forks" is a shortened expression for "Forks of the James," the district between the North River and the main stream. The acreage is followed by the date of the patent.
page 352
Holman, William: 320 --1759--Forks

* pages 365-366, SECTION V, TITHABLES OF 1778
Holdman, William
Hoylman, Christopher

* page 372, TAXPAYERS OF 1782
Holdman. William—4h—9c
Hoylman, Stophel—3h—6c

A William Holman is described as a "neighbor" in some properties listed in Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965. Originally published in 1912.
* Book 9-318, 15 May 1761, Augusta Co., VA: 335 acres in Fork of James River; corner McDowel's and Michael Finney's land; corner William Holman.
* Book 11-677, 10 Aug 1764, Augusta Co., VA: 330 acres in Fork of James River; corner Wm. Holman; corner John Taylor; William Foster's line.
* Book 11-541, 8 Mar 1764, Augusta Co., VA: 365 acres in Fork of James on which Michael now liveth; corner Samuel Moore and Samuel McClure, Holman's line, McDowell's land.
* Book 13-298, 15 May 1767, Augusta Co., VA: 16 acres, part of the tract whereon Miliron now lives; Wm. Halman's line; corner James Bailey's former survey.

[Note: Christopher "Stophel" Hoilman: was born April 22, 1749 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania; married Anna Marg. Kessler on January 29, 1771 at the Trinity Tulpehocken Reformed Congregation in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania; and bought property in 1777 in Rockbridge County, Virginia.]

page 493
l Jean—m. John Leech, 1808. 
2. Salley—m. Thomas McCoy, 1798.



Sarah "Salley" Holman (parents unknown) on Oct 30, 1798 in Rockbridge County, Virginia married Thomas McCoy, born 1777 in Maryland.

* Thomas McCay was in the 1810 census for Rockbridge Co., VA (Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: four; Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44 : one; Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: one; Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: one; Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: one). 
Listed on the same page was a Cunningham and a Johnson.

* Thomas Mccoy was in the 1820 census for Fairfield, Highland Co., Ohio. Listed on the same page was a Cunningham and a Johnson.

* Thomas McCoy was in the 1830 and 1840 census for Paint, Highland Co., Ohio

* The 1850 census for Paint, Highland Co., Ohio shows:
2052 McCoy Thomas     73     1777     Male         Maryland
2052 McCoy Sarah       72     1778     Female     Virginia
2052 McCoy Mary A     21     1829     Female     Ohio

[Note: Peter Leake Ayres was born on February 4, 1789 in Virginia and died on December 1, 1849 near Eldridge Mill, Buckingham County, Virginia. He married first Eleanor Tandy Holman on December 23, 1813 in Virginia. She was born January 7, 1798 in Virginia and died on September 4, 1835 in Hillsboro, Highland County, Ohio. They had ten children. He married second Rebecca West after 1835. (Highland County, Ohio was formed from Adams, Clermont, and Ross Counties in 1805.)]



Mrs. Jean Holman on Aug 4, 1808 in Rockbridge County, Virginia married John Leech.
John Leech was born April, 1739 in Ireland. In 1748, along with his older sister Agnes, migrated to the part of Lancaster County that became Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.
John Leech married first Martha McComb in 1761 in Pennsylvania. 
John, Martha, and their children relocated to Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1778.
One son of John and Martha, Thomas Leech, died on Jan 02, 1820 in Livingston County, Kentucky. (Livingston County was created in 1798 from Christian County, Kentucky.)

[Note: Mary Ann Holeman was born on Oct 23, 1826 in Livingston County, Kentucky; married Philip D Mason on Jan 21, 1842 in Union County, Kentucky; and died March 22, 1908 in White County, Arkansas. Mary Ann Holeman was the daughter of Jacob Holeman (1791-1855) and Nancy T French and the great grand daughter of Isaac Holeman, died 1808.]






The war with the French and Indians began in 1754, and continued till 1763. During this time Indian raids into the Valley from the west were frequent, particularly in the two or three years following the defeat of General Braddock. ("A history of Rockingham County, Virginia" by John Walter Wayland.)

Writing in 1756, the Reverend James Maury makes this observation: "Such numbers of people have lately transported themselves into the more Southerly governments as must appear incredible to any except such as have had an opportunity of knowing it. By Bedford courthouse in one week, tis said, and I believe, truly said, near 300 inhabitants of this Colony past on their way to Carolina. From all the upper counties, even those on this side of the Blue Hills, great numbers are daily following." (A history of Rockbridge County, Virginia by Oren F Morton)

A second interruption in growth occurred following the Revolutionary War, when cheap land and military grants became available in the part of Virginia that became Kentucky.






Notes from
Old Tenth Legion Marriages
Marriages in Rockingham County, Virginia from 1778-1816
taken from the marriage bonds
compiled by Harry M Strickler

page 39
Date 1808
Groom: Campbell, Jno H
Bride: Darcus Holman
Father: David or Dan.
Surety: David Holman

Page 65
Date 1780
Groom: Holeman, Wm.
Bride: Agnes Shepherd
Surety: Rich. Madison

Page 65
Date 1805
Groom: Holeman, Jacob
Bride: Phebe Dunkerson
Father: Tom.
Surety: same

[Note: Jacob Holeman is the son of Daniel Holeman, the grandson of Jacob Holeman, and the great grandson of "Old Daniel Holman" of Shenandoah Valley. Phebe Dunkerson is the daughter of Thomas Dunkerson and Lucretia Moore (daughter of Thomas Moore). Thomas Dunkerson is in the Christian County, Kentucky census for 1810. Jacob Holeman is in Rockingham County, Virginia census for 1810 (on the same page are Andrew Campbell and Abraham Paine). Jacob Holeman is in the Christian County, Kentucky census for 1820 and 1830. Christian County was created December 13, 1796 from Logan County, Kentucky, and is situated on the Kentucky-Tennessee border.]

[Note: Darcus Holeman, born 1784 in Virginia, is the daughter of Daniel Holeman, the grand daughter of Jacob Holeman, and the great grand daughter of "Old Daniel Holman" of Shenandoah Valley. John H Campbell, born 1779 in Virginia, was in the 1810 census for Shenandoah County and the 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 census for Rockingham County, Virginia.]






Isaac Holeman, died 1808

Many Holman family researchers believe that Isaac Holeman, died 1808, is the son of old Daniel Holman of the Shenandoah Valley. There is circumstantial evidence that the two are associated with each other, but evidence of a father-son relationship is pretty thin. In searching these records in the Shenandoah valley counties, I did find evidence that the Minister who married Daniel Hoolman also baptized "Isaac Hoolman."
However, I did not find in the Shenandoah Valley any land grants or land transactions for an Isaac Holeman. Also, there is no mention of Isaac in the wills of Daniel Holman; Daniel's widow, Elizabeth; or Daniel's son, Jacob.

There is a connection between Isaac Holeman, died 1808, and the Isaac Johnson family living in Rockingham County, Virginia:
* Isaac Johnson (1745-1814), son of the Isaac Johnson who had a plantation at the headwaters of "Holman Creek" married Elizabeth Holeman (about 1751-1840), oldest daughter of Isaac Holeman, died 1808.
* Johnsons and Holemans living in Anderson County., Kentucky claimed to be related, and to descend from the Thomas Holeman who married Mary Graham (son of Isaac Holeman, died 1808)

"The Holmans in America concerning the descendants of Solaman Holman" by David Emory Holman, M.D. contains a letter written by Elizabeth (Holeman) Smith, written in 1887. In the letter she says:
* Her grandfather was William Holeman: married twice; second wife was Sarah Johnson, relative of Col. Dick Johnson; and lived in Surrey Co, North Carolina and had nine children.
* Her great-grandfather and his brother came to this country from England long years before Rev War; got separated; all trace of other brother  lost.
If her information is correct, her great-grandfather would be Isaac Holeman, died 1808

"SUTHERLAND'S AND THEIR TANGLED BRANCHES" by Robert J. Walsh states that Isaac Holeman "moved to the frontier of the North Carolina Colony about 1752. He brought along his father and mother whose first names, unfortunately, are unrecorded. When they died, he buried them on his own land." (Obviously, this is not Daniel and Elizabeth Holman of the Shenandoah Valley.)





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